Employment Law

On August 27, 2019, House Bill (HB) 2569 took effect. Enacted this spring, HB 2569 changed the state law that governs how people who have an occupational or professional license or certification from another state may qualify to practice their occupation or profession here in Arizona. This article highlights the differences between what the law used to say and what it says now.

The year was 1970.  My husband and I made the decision to leave the U.S. Air Force and start our lives as a civilian family.  For me, the transition was easy.  I had been a registered nurse before entering the Air Force, and it was a simple matter to apply at a civilian hospital and get a job.  For my husband, it was much more difficult.  He had been an Air Force corpsman.  His military job entailed starting IVs, applying dressings, putting in stitches, giving injections and all the other technical skills a corpsman learns.  When we left the service, my husband quickly learned that none of his military training counted for anything in the civilian world.  The only medical job available to him was as a minimum wage orderly – pushing bedpans, changing sheets and taking out the trash. His only option was returning to school and starting over.



(480) 727-2382

Prepared by Adam Reich, Certified Limited Practice Student, Spring 2011. Updated Winter 2013 by Ijana

Harris, Certified Limited Practice Student. Marcy Karin, Faculty Supervisor. This document provides

general information only. Please consult with an attorney if you need legal advice.



The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA) postpones or suspends certain civil obligations to enable servicemembers to devote full attention to duty and to relieve stress on family members. This document summarizes some of the SCRA’s key provisions and how servicemembers may exercise their rights under the law.

When I first heard the term “Military Caregiver Leave,” I thought it was leave for members of the military to care for family emergencies, but that isn’t it at all.  Military Caregiver Leave is an extension to the Family and Medical Leave Act, commonly known as FMLA. It authorizes family members of qualified veterans and active duty military personnel to take leave from their jobs to care for the military member or veteran who is injured or ill. To simplify this discussion, I will use the term “servicemember” to mean both active duty military, qualified reservists and qualified veterans.  The injury or illness must be serious enough for the servicemember to need a family member’s care for weeks or even months.



(480) 727-2382

Prepared by Adam Reich, Student Attorney; Marcy Karin, Faculty Supervisor. Spring 2011. This

document provides general information only. Please consult with an attorney if you need legal advice.



The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) is a federal law that establishes certain rights and benefits for employees, and duties for employers when employees serve, or have served, as members of the armed forces. This document summarizes some of the rights and obligations related to the employment, reemployment, and retention of servicemembers under USERRA.

Enacted in 1994,1 USERRA provides employees who voluntarily or involuntarily take time off from work to serve in the uniformed services with up to five-years of job and benefits protection. 2

The United States military is an all voluntary military.  To encourage people to volunteer for military service, the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (“USERRA”) provides broad generous protection of service member’s civilian career. USERRA provides for job reinstatement to a civilian job after military service and prohibits job discrimination and retaliation in any employment decision based on military service.

Prepared by Andrea Esquer, Student Attorney, and Marcy Karin, Faculty Supervisor, Fall 2010. This

document provides general information only. Please consult with an attorney if you need legal advice.



A variety of federal and state laws, policies, and programs provide military personnel (both servicemembers and civilians) in Arizona access to time off from work to fulfill a commitment to the U.S. Armed Services, including the National Guard and Reserve.

This document summarizes state laws that supplement the federal protections.

Background to The Fair Labor Standards Act of 2016

Since the implementation of the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act, Americans have believed that our democratic way of life requires a fair wage for a hard day’s work.  That ideal was realized in the 1938 Act which provided for a minimum wage plus time-and-a-half for workers who worked more than 40 hours a week.  These overtime pay rules apply to most hourly workers and to some salaried employees.  In the early days, most salaried workers were covered by the law, but as the years went by with few updates to the overtime salary cap, more and more white-collar workers were left out in the cold.  They were classified as “exempt” from receiving overtime pay, and they often work many hours of overtime with no extra compensation.

An emergency preliminary injunction has prevented this change to go into affect. For more information read "The Uncertain Future of Overtime Pay for White Collar Workers." To learn more about what may happen continuing reading. The Fair Labor Standards Act (29 U.S.C. 531 et. seq.), requires that most jobs be paid an hourly rate of pay and that these jobs be paid at time-and-a-half the regular rate of pay for hours worked over 40 or more in the employers’ workweek. These jobs are called “hourly” or “non-exempt” jobs.

Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act of 1974 (VEVRAA) prevents qualified covered veterans from being discriminated against in the work place, while also encouraging affirmative action practices to employ these individuals.

The VEVRAA is enforced by the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP), which evaluates a contractor’s affirmative action program and employment practices. In addition, the OFCCP also investigates reported incidents of discriminatory practices by federal contractors and subcontractors

For further questions and inquiry you may want to visit the interactive online Federal Contractor Compliance Advisor at: http://www.dol.gov/elaws/ofccp.htm

The Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve, more commonly known as the ESGR is part of the Department of Defense. This department promotes cooperation between Servicemembers and their civilian employers. ESGR understands the unique talents of Servicemembers and helps both parties to the be aware of the rights and responsibilities of the other. They help Servicemembers through job fairs, and the H2H program which allows Servicemembers free access to job searches and other benefits. To learn more about this organization please visit their website at http://esgr.mil/.

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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.

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